LarBal 2/22/2018 3:48 PM
Randall RH150 low output
Hi there, I've been repairing tube amps for a few years, and have recently started taking in SS amps. Up until now they have been simple repairs, that I've been able to take care of without no transistor knowledge. Now I have this amp that is going to require me to do some learning, and I'm hoping to get some help and guidance from this forum. Amp is a Randall RH150. It has one tube, a 12at7, that appears to be a driver tube of some sort. Power section schematic is attached. I should say that I'm still staring at the schematic and figuring out what everything is... Also, when the amp came to me it had a 12AX7 in it.... The amp has really low, farty , kinda crackly output, but I can hear the tone of the amp buried in there, and it sounds pretty good . I'd say its about as loud as a Champ right now, at full bore. I've done all the normal cleaning of the fx jacks and ins/outs, and jumpered them to see if that worked, but it didn't. I took the fx send and plugged it into a different, working power amp, and the preamp is fully functional. I took a working preamp I built (MKIIC+), and plugged it into the return, and the amp had the same farty low output. So that's as far as I've made it. I've narrowed down the problem to the power amp, which I know nothing about. Any thoughts on where I should start, and what I should do, along with possibly a beginner's explanation? [ATTACH=CONFIG]47271[/ATTACH][ATTACH=CONFIG]47271[/ATTACH]
Enzo 2/22/2018 6:08 PM
Don't know that I would call that a driver tube, but if you like, go ahead. I just see it as a pair or triodes in series, like any tube amp. The signal hits the left grid, and the resulting plate signal is fed to the second grid. The second plate signal feeds a source follower to feed the power amp proper at SIGNAL A. So it is low and farty. First check power. Looks like it runs on 70v rails, so are they both up close to that and clean? The op amps no doubt run on +/-15v or maybe 12. Are those all up to voltage and clean? The op amp ICs with 8 legs have outputs on pins 1 and 7, is there any DC offset on any of those? Looking for volts here, not a few millivolts. The tube supply is +375vDC, is that close to voltage and clean? You know tube amps? OK, so are the voltages around the tube normal? With 375v B+, is the plate voltage on each triode a couple hundred volts more or less? Are the cathodes sitting at a few volts? Did you try a different tube? Check out the signal path. It enters on page 2 through IC2A. From there through IC2B. All that stuff left of and below IC2B is basically a graphic EQ circuit that is not adjustable. They set it up for a tine and hard wired it. The outputs on the 14 leg IC are the corners. So apply a signal to the FX return and scope it through the amp. What does it look like at IC2A? IC2B? At grids and plates of the tube, and at SIGNAL A. That is page 2 and the lead-in to the power amp. If you don't have a clean signal at SIGNAL A, then you won't have one at the speaker. Page 1 is the power amp. We'll look at that later.
LarBal 2/23/2018 2:09 PM
Thank you very much for the response! This gives me a great starting point. I'll report back when I get a chance.
LarBal 3/26/2018 12:44 PM
Ok, sorry for the delay. As for voltages, the plate of the first triode of the 12at7 was 220VDC or so, and the plate of the next one was only 110VCD, which seemed odd given similar setups. The supply was fine at ~375VDC. For the 70V supplies, I get nothing at QC1, or on the drain or source(pins 2 + 3) of TR1 and TR2. So there's something wrong there obviously. For the -V supply, I get -60VDC at QC4, but I'm getting 0V on pin 2(drain) , and -60V on pin 3, of both TR4 and TR5. (I believe the schematic is for the 300W PA, so I have no TR3 or TR4) This makes no sense to me, unless I have my pinout wrong. I would expect -60 V on the drain,pin2, that connects to the rail. I would also expect this same -60V to be on the other side of the big 1W resistors, the sources of the +rail MOSFETS, but again, I got nothing. I've attached some more schemes I got from them today, including the power supply, and the 75W version power amp[ATTACH]47842[/ATTACH][ATTACH]47843[/ATTACH]
g1 3/26/2018 1:14 PM
That 75W PA file didn't work, here's a zip that works: [url][/url] Which pin of the 12AT has 110VDC, pin1 or pin6 ? Have you checked the associated plate and cathode resistors for both halves? Which schematic matches, the one from post #1, or from post #4 ?
LarBal 3/26/2018 3:31 PM
Thanks! The AT7 pin 1 has 110 plate, 1.7V cathode , pin 6 had 230V plate, 5V cathode The plate and cathode resistors read within spec for the 6,7,8 side, and I cant get an accurate reading on the wonky side for the plate resistor when it's in circuit, but I don't know why. I'm getting 16V and climbing. As far as the PA schematic, the one I posted in post #1 has 6 MOSFETs, for 300W, and the one in post#4 has 2 MOSFETs, for 75W. Mine is a 150W, and has 4 MOSFETs, but I don't have a schematic for that. I'm inferring that they schematics are nearly identical apart from that, with the supply voltage being a bit different.(70V for 300W vs ~55 for 75, and mine is showing -60 for 150W, but as I said I have no +V 60V rail. I'll try and reattach, not sure what happened
g1 3/26/2018 6:42 PM
Lift one side of the plate resistor to pin1 and check it's resistance. There are fuses shown for the + and - 60V rails, is the fuse for the + side good? Don't worry about the schematic in post #4 not working, it's a forum glitch. It's included in the zip file in post #5.
LarBal 3/27/2018 11:44 AM
Ok the plate resistor for pin 1 reads good when lifted. The fuses for the +60V rail are the tiny brown box variety with 1/4" leads. There are 2 in series, 3.15A each, for the 6.3V on the schematic. One of them is open, and the other is fine. I'm trying to figure out which fuse this is exactly, as I'm unfamiliar with these types. Can you help me out with the part? The fuse itself says T3.15A, which I'm assuming means time/slow , but the schematic says 6.3AF, which I would think means fast, and I know tube amps usually do fast for B+ fuses. This is as far as I've gotten : [url=]Axial Radial Thru Hole Fuses | PICO Fuses - Littelfuse[/url] But I'm not sure if I need TE5 or TE7
g1 3/27/2018 3:13 PM
T3.15 should be close enough, if you want the exact one, what other numbers are on it? The TE5 and TE7's have series numbers that are printed on the fuse. They are in series and not in parallel? Can you recheck the tube voltages, one probe to ground, pins 1,3,6,&8? Then one probe on 3 other probe on 2, then one probe on 8 other on 7.
LarBal 3/28/2018 10:51 AM
Turns out they are neither in parallel or series, even though continuity tests on the sockets they were in are seriously confusing. With the fuses out and amp on, I am getting +60V on 1 side of F1, and -60V on the same side of F2. So it seems the voltage source is good! We've been looking at the "75-150W" power section, which has the fuse labeled at 6.3A for both F1 and F2 . Turns out this one uses 3.15A ?? Again, my amp is the 150W vesrion. Maybe a misprint? 3.15A for each side seems plenty. Or maybe it isn't, and that's the problem? I've attached a picture of the fuse. There aren't any other designations that would lead me to a part #, that I can see. The voltage readings for the AT7 are: pin 1 :113V pin 3: 1.77V Pin 6: 236V pin 8: 5.11V Pin 3>2 :1.75V Pin 8>7 :5.11V [ATTACH=CONFIG]47879[/ATTACH]
The Dude 3/28/2018 3:58 PM
Presumably, the amp has worked with that fuse value since it was built, so I'd assume the value is correct. There's likely a short causing them to blow. Any T3.15A solder in fuse should work. I wouldn't be concerned about an exact part number.
g1 3/28/2018 7:32 PM
There must be something on the +60V line that made the fuse blow, as The Dude said, you will need to fix that or the fuse will just blow again (order a few). Aside from that issue, the voltages at pin 1 & 3 of the tube don't look right. 1.77V on the cathode says there is little current flow through that half of the tube (compared to the other half). Is it really a 3K3 resistor at pin3 ? If so, there should be much more than 100V at the plate, is the resistor to pin1 really a 100K ?
LarBal 3/29/2018 3:25 PM
Thanks guys. Fuses are on the way, and I'm with you, I know the fuse blowing is a symptom of whatever else is wrong with the amp. I'll sub in another tube and see if the readings are different. Maybe a bad triode. I did that when I first got the amp, but it sounded no different, and didn't "fix" it. I didn't take readings at the time... The plate R for pin 100 is definitely 100K, I measured. I need to locate the 3K3 Rk still. So back to the fuse blowing, what are some common failures downstream in these types of power amp circuits. I know in a tube amp, if the B+ fuse goes, I'll be looking for bad tube, screen R, grid R, etc., but I'm not sure how to go about troubleshooting this. I don't have a lot of these components lying around like I do for tube amps ;) So where do I start?
g1 3/29/2018 8:13 PM
The fuses are shown downstream of the rectifier and caps, so the fault should be after those. A good place to start would be to check the .1R 5watt resistors, one per output device.
LarBal 3/29/2018 8:39 PM
Ok great. What is the purpose of those .1R resistors, and how to check? I mean what am I looking for, a meter reading that runs away? I've never measured something that small of resistance. Also, can you help me understand the signal flow, starting with signal A, on the power amp sheet?
g1 3/30/2018 8:14 PM
They are usually called 'ballast' resistors and serve a couple functions. For now we are concerned with their 'fuse' function. :D Check them like you checked the fuses, they will either be a very low resistance, near zero ohms, or a much higher resistance, 'open'. Signal path is very straightforward, from SIG A, through C7, then on to R3,4,5 to gates of TR1,2,&3 and out their source terminals. In tube jargon I guess you would say they are acting like cathode followers. R6,7,&8 complete the circuit from the Fets to the output line. The signal routes through C9 and on to R15 etc. mirror image of top for the bottom half.
LarBal 3/31/2018 8:57 AM
Ok Thanks! Looking at the Fets, from left to right, the pins are 1,2,3 > gate, drain, source , correct? Looking at unused pads on my board(for the 300W version), I can clearly see a trace from one end of the .1R go to the middle pin of the Fet, or pin 2, which must be the Source, according to the schemetic. So I'm instantly confused there. Pin 2 must be the source, not the drain? Here are my measurements, with one probe at the junction of the diodes, D3 and D5, and the other on the respective pins of the Fets left to right, which I'm calling 1,2,3 TR2 1 - 1.5K 2 - .2 3 - .4 TR1 1 - 134 2 - .2 3 - .4 TR6 1 - 6K 2 - .2 3 - 789 TR5 1 - 6K 2 - .2 3 - 789 The pin 2 , .2 measurements, which visually tell me this is the correct spot to test the .1R resistors, tell me that these resistors read OK, but I'm unsure as to the descrepancies with the other pins.
Jazz P Bass 3/31/2018 10:29 AM
Open your eyes my friend.:) TR1 & TR2 are shorted Source to Drain. [ATTACH=CONFIG]47926[/ATTACH]
g1 3/31/2018 7:21 PM
What he said ^^^^ :D. Pin2 is the source, and looks like source to drain is shorted on TR1 & 2. That would account for the blown fuse. Removing them and rechecking out of circuit may show only one is shorted, but replace them both anyway. And just out of curiosity, where did you see pin2 called out as drain?
LarBal 4/2/2018 12:36 PM
Ok Great! So I had my pinouts wrong, and Sorce is shorted to drain, which denotes failure of the Mosfet(s). It seems every google search for "Mosfet Pinout" yielded Gate1 Drain2 Source3 [url][/url] I'd love to order from Mouser, as I also need to recap my personal Peavey Studio 40 , and need some radials ;) Looks like this is the part? [URL=""]link[/URL] Will any of these work? I need some help narrowing down my search : [URL="|0"]link[/URL]
g1 4/2/2018 1:23 PM
Like it said on that page "always consult the datasheet". There is no generic pinout, just 'typical', which is kind of meaningless unless you only need it to work 'usually'. ;) For any semiconductor, just google the number on it and you will most likely find the datasheet. Some times there is an implied '2S' or '2N' prefix not shown. In this case the labelled K1058 is a 2SK1058. Your first link from mouser is the part. It is obsolete. I'm not sure about using any of those others in your second mouser link as a direct replacement. Maybe someone else will comment. If it were me, I'd buy the used ones Dalbani Corp. is selling on Ebay. They are a reputable seller of real parts. The new ones listed coming from China are likely not real exact parts.
LarBal 4/2/2018 1:30 PM
Ok great, so I'm looking at these : link[URL=""][/URL]
g1 4/2/2018 4:32 PM
Yes, those are the ones I was looking at.
LarBal 4/4/2018 5:20 PM
Got the fuses today, looks like I got the right ones ;) They Mosfets are on their way too, got 2 of them for $12. What do I need to know about mounting the Mosfets to the heatsink? Do I need to use thermal paste? An insulator? I'm assuming there's one on there, but here's a couple of pics.[ATTACH=CONFIG]47985[/ATTACH][ATTACH=CONFIG]47986[/ATTACH]
The Dude 4/4/2018 5:35 PM
You can clearly see the insulator and heat sink compound in your pic. Mount the new devices just as the old ones are. Evenly coat the back of the new devices, but don't overdo it.
LarBal 4/4/2018 6:07 PM
[url][/url][URL=""][/URL] How about this stuff?
g1 4/4/2018 8:06 PM
That looks fine. However, if the old stuff isn't dried out there looks to be enough there that you could reuse it. It only needs a very thin layer. Just be careful with the mica insulator as they crack easily. Try to do it so the output device comes away from the mica spacer leaving the spacer attached to the heatsink.
LarBal 4/19/2018 11:36 AM
Allright, I got the 2 shorted Mosfets off and the new ones installed, along with the fuses for the +60V rail. To recap, TR1 and TR2 were bad, we determined, and the fuses for the +60V rail had blown also. Now, I've got both + and - 60V rails up and running, and I have +60V on pins 3, the drain, of TR1 and TR2, and -60V on pins3 of the other side, TR5 and TR6 (there are empty spots for TR3 on one side, and TR4 on the other for the 300W version of this amp. Mines 150W) So that's good, but still no sound. Upon first power up, the fuses blew, but I also had neglected to reconnect some of the quick connects...the speaker connects and the connect for the +60V rail. Maybe it was shortingf to something when it was dangling. What measurements should I be looking for now? edit: also of note, when I first powered on(before I knew the fuses had blown), I was getting a little bit of sound from the amp, as I had been all along(whisper levers, at least). When I got the fuses up and got both rails going, I got zero sound from amp. Also, the side of the heatsink with the Mosfets I didn't change got really hot, and the side with the replaced ones did not. [ATTACH=CONFIG]48544[/ATTACH]
LarBal 4/23/2018 8:48 AM
Any other thoughts here?
g1 4/23/2018 4:05 PM
So the heatsink is still getting hot, or that was just when the wiring wasn't all hooked up? Since that side got hot, have you redone the diode or resistance checks like in post #17 ?
LarBal 4/25/2018 10:04 AM
[QUOTE=g1;493797]So the heatsink is still getting hot, or that was just when the wiring wasn't all hooked up? Since that side got hot, have you redone the diode or resistance checks like in post #17 ?[/QUOTE] When the wiring was hooked up properly, 1/2 of the heatsink(the side that I didn't replace, that we determined good, I believe) got hot, but the side that I replaced the 2 Mosfets did not get hot. Here are my current resistance readings from the junction of D3 and D5 to the pins of the Mosfets: TR2 1 - 750K 2 - .3 3 - 1M TR1 1 - 750K 2 - .3 3 - 1M TR6 1 - 800K 2 - .4 3 - 1,4K TR5 1 - 800K 2 - .4 3 - 1.4K
g1 4/25/2018 2:23 PM
Can you post DC voltages for those same pins on the four output Fets. Try not to let it get too hot, if you have to, just do a few at a time and let it cool between.
LarBal 5/1/2018 9:49 AM
[QUOTE=g1;493940]Can you post DC voltages for those same pins on the four output Fets. Try not to let it get too hot, if you have to, just do a few at a time and let it cool between.[/QUOTE] Yep here they are : TR2 1 50 2 52 3 53 TR1 1 50 2 52 3 53 TR6 1 50 2 52 3 -53 TR5 1 50 2 52 3 -53
g1 5/1/2018 9:11 PM
By those readings, TR1 & TR2 are the ones that should be hot, TR5 & TR6 are not turned on. Are all the .1R 5W still good?