|nevetslab||11/9/2017 4:18 PM|
|Fender Hot Rod DeVille & Deluxe Drive/More Drive mod|
After listening to the complaints from many users of the Fender Hot Rod Series amps, where the level difference between Drive and More Drive is just way over the top, boosting the level probably 15dB or more, I set one up on the bench, replaced V2 (12AX7) with a 12AY7 Medium gain low noise tube, and added 604 ohm resistors in series with C8 & C9, being the cathode resistor bypass cap around R17 & R21 cathode resistors (V2 tube circuit). The More Drive mode uses JFET switches to short out the 100k resistors in series with those bypass caps. The initial mod was done empirically and, after finding all who have played thru the mod'd amps loving it, I've been adding the easy mod to them as they come in for service.
I'll get real acoustic level difference numbers the next time one comes back into the shop. Just never got to measuring the difference. There's still a good 6-8dB increase in level between Drive and More Drive, without it ripping your head off as the stock amps do. I thought I had some photos of the mod, but was mistaken. I'll add that on a later post, with the other details.
|alpickyuk||2/13/2018 3:52 PM|
|Hi , I was thinking of modding my hot rod drive circuitry along the lines you suggested in your post.Can you confirm the value of 604 ohms for C8 and C9 and is it worthwhile changing out the diode for the 10meg resistor change on the switching jfets as mine is an earlier one .I didnt find the fromel mods startling but didnt actually buy the kit and instead gleaned info online about changes including those from others users. I use KT66's in the output and as a jazzer find the sound to my liking for warmth.Any other mods worth doing.Manythanks alanp|
|nevetslab||2/13/2018 5:48 PM|
|I didn't have to change the JFETS, or diodes in the More Drive circuit. I left the stock values for C8 & C9 as is. I lifted one end of them and added the 604 ohm resistors in series with each cap. You do have to be careful in that operation, as the quality of the PCB foil is very poor...pads lift way too easily. I had played with the voicing caps, but found it wasn't necessary. The other needed change is replacing V2 (middle preamp tube) with a 12AY7, which is a medium gain low noise preamp tube. |
I've been meaning to get some photos of the mod, but at present, I don't have any of the hot Rod Deville or Deluxe amps here in the shop. I will be making more of the mod's in our rental inventory soon. Wen I get one back here into the shop, I'll get some acoustic level measurements of the Before and After, as it does tame the amp down, while still having a significant increase in the More Drive mode, but not that er-splitting difference Fender left in place!
|Chuck H||2/13/2018 9:11 PM|
|I've used those amps at "jam nights" and such a few times. I remember doing Voodoo Chile and using the boost switch. Perfect for THAT! If you just want a bump, way too much. And I love the sound of 12ay7's plugged into "typical" 12ax7 sockets (1.5k cathode/bypassed, 100k plate). They sound very throaty and "tubey" for lack of a more technical analysis. So your mod would clean up the normal mode a tad with the lower gain tube, but then bump it back up with the partial cathode bypass circuit. NICE. Then a reasonable boost to follow. All with the added benefit of the 12ay7 tonal contribution. I'm in Nice mod.|
|alpickyuk||2/14/2018 3:31 AM|
|Thanks. I guess it doesn't matter which end of the cap you lift? I've worked on worse pcbs ( mine for instance!) and try to suss whether desoldering braid or solder sucker is best just by feel. No problems so far. I'll try that mod and fancy doing a global mater volume by adding a pot on the rear chassis just where the preamp signal comes in. all the best alanp|
|Chuck H||2/14/2018 7:24 AM|
|I've used braid and a sucker bulb on mediocre PCBs. I vote solder sucker for less damage. If your iron is the right temperature you're in and out faster. That usually means less stress on the pads or traces.|
|Pedro Vecino||2/14/2018 7:40 AM|
|To many I have simply removed the first capacitor in "more drive" mode. I do not see the interest in the focus produced by 1uF as a cathode bypass in that circuit added to the full gain of the second (22uF).|
|nevetslab||2/14/2018 9:48 PM|
|Frequency response plots & acoustical response spectrums|
As luck would have it, a Fender Hot Rod Deluxe popped up with a microphonic tube and intermittent input jacks today, so I took the opportunity first, replace the micophonic tube, then run a series of Frequency Response plots and Acoustical measurements in its Stock configuration, then pulled it apart, cure its ailments, make the Drive/More Drive mod to it (installing 604 ohm resistors in series with C8 & C9).
I did get acoustical measurements After the changes, but ran out of time today to complete the modified Frequency Response plots, which Ill complete tomorrow. I ran the FR plots driving its stock Eminence 12 speaker, and began by setting all of the controls to 5 across the panel. Then, ran plots in the Normal Ch mode, Drive Ch Mode and finally More Drive Ch Mode, setting the Bass, Mid and Treble controls to 1, 5 & 12, with the Presence Control set at 5 on all the plots. Never did engage the Bright switch.
[ATTACH=CONFIG]47108[/ATTACH] [ATTACH=CONFIG]47109[/ATTACH] [ATTACH=CONFIG]47110[/ATTACH] [ATTACH=CONFIG]47111[/ATTACH]
[ATTACH=CONFIG]47112[/ATTACH] [ATTACH=CONFIG]47113[/ATTACH] [ATTACH=CONFIG]47114[/ATTACH] [ATTACH=CONFIG]47115[/ATTACH] [ATTACH=CONFIG]47116[/ATTACH]
As you can see and hear, the level change between Drive and More Drive is about a 15dB change....way over the top for most folks.
in the next post, I'll add in the acoustical response spectrums AFTER installing the 12AY7 tube into V2 and the pair of 604 ohm resistors in series with C8 & C9.
|nevetslab||2/14/2018 10:11 PM|
|Freq response plots & acoustical response spectrums after modification|
This post only has the acoustical response measurements at the moment, having run out of time this afternoon to complete the Frequency Response plots similar to my first four plots in the previous thread. I'll finish those up in the morning.
It's been very well received by all who have heard the modified Hot Rod series (Deluxe 112, DeVille 212 & DeVille 410). And, not so noisy as it always has been in the More Drive mode.
[ATTACH=CONFIG]47117[/ATTACH] [ATTACH=CONFIG]47118[/ATTACH] [ATTACH=CONFIG]47119[/ATTACH] [ATTACH=CONFIG]47120[/ATTACH]
In this series of plots, I kept the panel controls all at '5', and only changed from Normal Ch, Drive Ch and More Drive Ch. On the Normal Ch spectrum, I set the Max SPL to 100dB, which reading the second line of the header, shows 95.2dB SPL Wideband. The Drive and More Drive spectrums were run with the Max SPL set to 110dB, showing Drive level at 101.5dB SPL Wideband and More Drive level at 108.2dB SPL Wideband, an increase of around 8dB instead of nearly twice that in the Stock mode. We'll see the change in the frequency response that results with the 604 ohms in sereis with C8 & C9, as it does change it some. The Measurements were run with a 10 sec Integration time to arrive at a stable reading (Pink Noise is constantly fluctuating, it being in this case, true Random Noise from the Bruel & Kjaer 1027 Sine/Random Generator.
|Tone Meister||2/15/2018 10:42 AM|
|I'm going to ask the inevitable question: how did you settle on the 604 ohm resistor, and in your estimation what effect would a R with higher or lower resistance have on that part of the circuit?|
Also, have you considered Pedro's comments regarding removing the C8 1uF cathode bypass cap altogether?
I dabble with these circuits a bit and am always looking for tweaks that will suit individual players. I'm always grateful for the wealth of the knowledge shared by the folks here, and this info is something I will document for future use.
|bob p||2/15/2018 11:15 AM|
|for those of you who don't have the schem handy:|
|nevetslab||2/15/2018 11:25 AM|
|When I was working with the circuits, I had found a reasonable gain increase (between Drive and More Drive) happening between 560 ohms and 620 ohms. 560 seemed a bit too high in level, 620 a bit too low in level. Put a pair of 1.2k's in parallel, and decided that sounded like enough level increase over the Drive mode. I do recall changing the 1uF cap early on (break freq @ 264Hz) to 470nF (561Hz) and 2.2uF (120Hz), but decided to leave it where it was. I had also played with C3 & R8, which in Normal mode gives a break frequency of 637Hz, but decided to just keep it simple.....inserting two resistors and changing V2 to a medium-mu 12AY7 kept basic sound of the amp, and took that huge edge off from the More Drive mode.|
I had initially installed a 12AT7 in V2, prior to adding series resistors in with C8 & C9. It wasn't enough of a change, and it still didn't address the large gain increase of the More Drive function. The 12AY7 with the two resistors just sounded really nice, and was a simple change, so I've left it at that for the time being.
Thanks, Bob....I meant to add that section of the schematic to clarify all this.
Now, b ack to running the new FR curves, to be posted early afternoon PST.
|bob p||2/15/2018 12:26 PM|
|No problem posting the snippet. I had to look at the circuit anyway, and it was no trouble to capture a snapshot.|
While we're on the subject of frequency response curves:
Those are some great plots. From a design standpoint, I think it's interesting to look at the frequency response changes at each individual gain stage. I've seen a lot of plots that show before/after frequency response plots when cathode bypass caps are added, but not that many that demonstrate the effect of boost limiting from the series resistor. By any chance have you snapped a before /after shot of the frequency response curves at V2a and V2b? I think they'd be interesting to look at.
|nevetslab||2/15/2018 2:08 PM|
I'll first post the plots I just ran, then look at V2A & V2B at the plate circuit
|alpickyuk||2/15/2018 2:32 PM|
|604 ohms resistor|
I can confirm that there is a 604 ohm precision film resistor available! on ebay
|nevetslab||2/15/2018 2:50 PM|
|Freq response plots after drive / more drive mod's added|
I just finished running the Post-Drive / More Drive mod FREQ Response plots on this Hot Rod Deluxe 112 amp. I've included the Acoustic Measurement plots again, as I had intended to have them all together.
[ATTACH=CONFIG]47134[/ATTACH] [ATTACH=CONFIG]47135[/ATTACH] [ATTACH=CONFIG]47136[/ATTACH] [ATTACH=CONFIG]47137[/ATTACH] [ATTACH=CONFIG]47138[/ATTACH]
[ATTACH=CONFIG]47141[/ATTACH] [ATTACH=CONFIG]47142[/ATTACH] [ATTACH=CONFIG]47143[/ATTACH]
It's interesting that in comparing the Frequency Response plots with all controls set to 5', there's only a 6dB level difference between the Drive and More Drive at the peak of the HF portion of the curves, while there's an 8dB acoustic level difference between them. Also interesting is the nearly identical FR plots of the Drive and More Drive curves, while looking at the acoustic response spectrums, below 250Hz there's considerable difference. Ain't Physics fun??!!!
We also see the mounted open-box resonance of the Eminence speaker @ around 70Hz in the Normal Ch plots. Also interesting how the lower frequency side of the speaker's resonance peak forms a HP Filter response on the Drive and More Drive response. Acoustically, that doesn't really happen. Now granted, running these acoustic measurements in this 12ft x 31 ft room with 12 ft ceilings, hard wall surfaces and the mic at 1 meter from the amp, this isn't precise. Near Field measurements (mic directly at the speaker) may reveal more, as would ground plane measurements. I haven't run any outdoors acoustical measurements in the parking lot, as we're half a block from teh runway at the Burbank Airport. Still, I do have access to large rehearsal studio rooms when they're not occupied. None-the-less, it has provided an intersting look at the Hot Rod Series amp and that over-the-top More Drive boost response, which started the whole thing.
|nevetslab||2/15/2018 2:58 PM|
|604 is a standard 3-digit value in the 1% & tighter tolerance value (6.04, 60.4, 604, 6.04k, 60.4k, etc). I bought KOA-Spear MF resistors from Mouser P/N 660-MF1/4DC6040F. I think heyre about $0.05 ea in qty's over 10 pcs. Shpg always gets ya, though!|
|nickb||2/15/2018 3:24 PM|
I'd expect using 560 ohms instead of 604 in a single unloaded 12AY7 stage to give an inaudible gain difference of about 0.06dB. The difference in midband gain between 0 (no resistor) and 604 is just 1.2dB.
Do it to two stages and the numbers double i.e 0.12dB for 560 vs 604.
|bob p||2/15/2018 3:34 PM|
|> Simple matter of jumpering the added resistors. |
I was thinking along the lines of demonstrating the difference in the frequency response traces between:
b) Rk || Ck
c) Rk || Ck with the boost limiting resistor
There are lots of textbok plots that show a) and b), but not many that compare the effects of adding the boost limiter as in c). I think that'd be fun from a teaching perspective.
> I wouldn't get hung up on using an exact value here.
when dialing things in by ear I like to use a 1k Pot.
|nickb||2/15/2018 3:53 PM|
Ask and you shall receive...
|nevetslab||2/15/2018 5:14 PM|
|FR plots @ V2A & V2B|
I first set the Generator's Output Attenuator so there would be plenty of signal on the graph, prior to removing the short across the V2A's 604 ohm resistor. Then, when I set up for V2B, I decreased the gain on the Amber 3501a analyzer to compensate for the added gain of V2B stage, and ran the same plots, now with one and then both 604 ohm resistors in series. Very little difference shown. I re-ran the set-up a couple times, then set the generator at 400Hz to listen, and what I was hearing matched the plotted change. But, I clearly found in the previous tests & plots that I had dropped a good 8dB of output changing from Drive and More Drive. I didn't go back and pull the 12AY7 and put the 12AX7 back in to check.
|nevetslab||2/16/2018 11:20 AM|
|I checked my notes from a few years ago, and found I had played with adding a series resistor on both C8 & C9, when I still had a 12AX7 in V2. So, I re-ran the frequency response plots that I set up for yesterday, taking the output from V2B with a 12AX7 installed. I started with the 604 ohm series resistors shorted out, then removed the short on the C8 resistor, then removed the short from the C9 resistor, finding the level had dropped by 6dB. Back when I was doing this, it was all by ear, using burst pink noise as a source, with the schematic in hand and a decade resistor box with short shielded leads in series with two caps. I had also used a 12AT7 afterwards, but then found some vintage 12AY7's I had from decommissioned test gear, and put that into V2. I liked the sound of the results with the 12AY7 and stuck with that.|
So, the last response curve I ran today was pulling the 12AX7 out and installing the 12AY7.